Flea Control for Pets- Ask a Vet with Dr. Jyl
flea control for pets-4/6/15
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How To Get Rid Of Fleas
How to get rid of Fleas
Flea’s on your pet could only be 5% of the total flea population in your home. Fleas are small, annoying and hard to kill pests that feed on pets such as dog’s and cat’s blood. Getting rid of fleas is not an easy task as one needs to clear their cycle. It is important to note that the rest of the 95% flea population are in another life cycle and may be living in your yard or garden; therefore, if you only get rid of the fleas on your dog or cat alone, you will still have to deal with the flea menace in future. They are simply waiting for you to come outside. Below you will find some tips on do it yourself flea control or you can call this company A3 Superior Pest Control
Flea bites cause a person or their pet to scratch and this can cause a skin infection, hot spots or flea allergy dermatitis. Also, when a pet licks themselves, they may accidentally swallow a flea and this may lead to tape worms. There is a common misconception that the cold temperatures outside can prevent fleas from attacking your pest. The truth of the matter is that the warmth in the house will create a conducive environment for the pests to attack your pet. Below are ways to get rid of the fleas in your home:
Vacuum your house thoroughly; this is the first step in ensuring you get rid of fleas in your house. It has been shown that you can eliminate 90% of fleas through proper thorough vacuuming alone. Pay special attention to dark crevices, corners, under furniture, under beds, under rugs and around skirting boards. Place the nozzle attachment on the vacuum cleaner and vacuum thoroughly all around the baseboards and edges. This vacuuming also creates vibrations which stimulate fleas to move out of their hiding areas and be exposed to the insecticide being used. (Yes you still need insecticides) Even though you can’t see, the vacuuming will get rid of the flea eggs that may have found their way on your pet and landed on your carpet or floor. This eggs may hatch and become larvae. A larva is a worm like creature that has bristle like hair that makes it easy for it to move around. Larvae normally avoid areas with light and move to corners, cracks on the floor and under furniture as well as along baseboards. Vacuuming gets rid of larvae on the carpet. The larvae latter pupates, meaning they come out of their cocoon and become adult fleas. Get rid of the pupae and adults by vacuuming those on your carpet.
Spraying insecticide will also help get rid of fleas in your house and yard. When choosing what insecticide to use look out for the ingredient- Insect Growth Regulator (IGR). IGR is an important component of the flea control process. Ensure you spray all the areas including floors,carperts and rugs and the area your pet sleeps using a flea bomb, fogger, or aerosorol that will get rid of the larvae, flea eggs and emerging adult fleas.
How to get rid of fleas:
There are many flea control products on the market. Make sure they have an IGR to help control pre-emergent fleas-these are the fleas currently in the transformation stage between larvae and adult.
Vacuuming is important before spraying insecticide and also after insecticide spraying. Ensure you continue to vacuum two weeks after spraying as the IGR has a residual effect. Fleas that are in the pupae stage are affected by insecticide as the cocoons are waterproof and normally protect the flea inside except from these chemicals. They do not effect humans.. It is for his reason many often think that you have gotten rid of all the fleas around their home but they later find that fleas emerge from the cocoons leading to a new flea infestation. When this happens, you will have to repeat the process of getting rid of them again. When spraying, don’t forget your garden and yard, spray the kennels, crannies and other areas not covered by sunlight in the yard. UC Davis has some good tips here.
TREAT YOUR PETS
It is important to treat your pet if you haven’t already done so with a flea killing shampoo or a topical treatment of insecticide made for fleas like Frontline. Please note that the older generations anti flea products are sometimes obsolete. These include (dips, flea collars and flea powders).The current flea products (tablets and top spots) are fit for humans and pets as they are safer. Comfortis is the recommended FDA approved, beef flavoured, chewable tablet that is residual in activity for a full month to prevent infestation by fleas in cats and dogs. For best results consult your vet. REMEMBER dont throw the cat or dog outside-treat them and leave them inside. Fleas prefer the body temperature of animals BUT if you eliminate their normal food source they will be looking at you with hungry eyes.
How to get rid of Rats from your home
Tips on How to Get Rid of Rats in your Home
Having good sanitation on its own cannot address an infestation of rats. There are several types of rats including roof rats and Norway’s rats. Roof rats are also known us Rattus rattus while Rattus Norvegicus stands for Norway rats. These species are both problematic introduced and normally feed on a variety of nuts and fruits. You may also find them feeding on human food as well as pet foods. They have been shown to be a vector of disease as you can see here at the CDC site. They usually gnaw through wooden structures and wires. They can still tear up the insulation and at the same time transmit diseases. Being able to recognize the type of rat that is present is very important when you are attempting or rather trying to control their population. Also, you may find that the efficiency in setting traps is of great importance. Rodenticides or rat baits, though they happen to be an effective way of controlling rats, you may find that they are generally suitable only for out door use
For you to carry out this process effectively and efficiently you need to follow several tips and they may include;
Ensure that you identify the type of rat present at your place or home. Know the various features that they possess; for instance, Norway rats usually are stocky, have got beneath structures which look like wood piles or burrow along foundation. You will find them most of the time staying in the basement or even on the ground floor, the time they invade a structure. See below:
On the other hand, you will find that roof rats are small in size when compared with the Norway rats. They usually have a relatively longer tail. They are agile climbers and they like mostly to stay above the ground in dense vegetation or in trees. Roof rats are normally found in cabinets, attics, false ceilings and walls when they finally enter or invade a structure. See below for roof rat:
Make sure that you store food as well as trash in containers which are rodent proof and secure at the same time. Always maintain a general neatness in your yard, in cup boards, around eating areas and do not leave out pet food.
Ensure that incase you have dense vegetation out there near your house, thin it to at least 2 feet between the shrubs and also two feet between buildings and shrubs. Additionally, you will have to remove the climbing hedges or vines that usually grow against the building. Also you will have to remove any trees that limbs growing within a space of 3 feet of your roof.
All openings that are larger in size than a quarter an inch should be sealed. Young rats are able to squeeze via a gap of a half an inch. It will be advantageous as sealing smaller openings will help in excluding mice at the same time. Ensure that you use wire mesh, screening or coarse steel so as to cover pipe openings and other various spaces. You may be forced to use thin sheet metals in coverings places where rats gnaw via the edges of windows, wooden doors or other structures.
Always bait, then set up a number of traps in different isolated areas mainly along the walls or some other paths used by rats. Then you have to ensure that you fasten your bait like a piece of dried fruit, dog food, a bacon, a smear of peanut butter or a nut to the trap by using a wire or a light string and then set the trap so that it springs easily. If the present type of rats is that of Norway rats, then you will have to place your traps on the ground along walls. Also place where you find rat droppings as well as behind objects. When roof rats are present, place the trap on their walkways which are off the ground like shelves, pipes, branches, beams or other ledges. Ensure that you place traps in a 10 to 20 feet apart.
Always wear disposable gloves when you are disposing off dead rats. Seal the dead rats in a plastic bag and then throw them in garbage or bury them. This will help avoid the rotten smell, hygienically purposes and also prevent diseases. If you find you cant get a handle on exterminating your rats call an exterminating company that kills rats such as this on company.